JACKSONVILLE, FL – OCTOBER 28: A general view of georgia footballs taken before the game between the Georgia Bulldogs and the Florida Gators on October 28, 2006 at Alltel Stadium in Jacksonville, Florida. (Photo by Marc Serota/Getty Images)The last time Georgia linebacker D’Andre Walker saw the field was in the fourth quarter of the SEC Championship Game against Alabama. He was forced out of the game with an injury that cost him the rest of the game and Georgia’s eventual Sugar Bowl appearance. We now have an update as to how he has dealt with the injruy as he prepares for the NFL draft.According to DawgNation, Walker has undergone surgery on a sports hernia and hopes to be fit in time for the Georgia Pro Day workout.He is currently slated to attend the NFL Combine, but is not expected to participate in any drills.Walker announced on his Twitter page this past Thursday that the surgery was a success and that he is already back to walking.Yesterday Surgery Was A Success First Day Rehab & Already Walking!! G O D Speed pic.twitter.com/BLudBr2pU9— D’Andre Walker (@DAndreWalker15) January 24, 2019The injury Walker suffered in the SEC Championship Game was believed to be a groin injury at the time. He was forced out when the team led the game 28-21. But without his pass rushing ability, Georgia struggled to get to backup quarterback Jalen Hurts, and gave up two touchdown drives in what became a 35-28 loss.Walker finished the 2018 season with 45 tackles, 11.0 tackles for loss, and 7.5 sacks.His 7.5 sacks were more than any four of his Georgia teammates combined.Tankathon’s mock draft currently has Walker going in the third round to the Cincinnati Bengals.[DawgNation]
Agartala: At least 12 Rohingya Muslim refugees, including five children and two women, who tried to enter India from Bangladesh, have refused to leave the Zero Line along the India-Bangladesh border in Tripura for the past three days, Border Security Force (BSF) official said on Saturday. “The 12 refugees tried to enter India from Bangladesh through the Boxanagar border in western Tripura on Thursday. But our troopers stopped them from infiltrating into India,” a BSF official said. Also Read – Encounter under way in Pulwama, militant killed “Later that day, a commandant level meeting was held between the Border Security Force (BSF) and the Border Guards Bangladesh (BGB) in which the latter agreed to take back the refugees, but the group has refused to leave the Zero Line,” the official said. The BSF official said that the refugees are carrying identity cards issued by the Bangladeshi authorities. “They are the inmates of Rohingya refugee camp in Chittagong,” he said. Earlier this week too, Tripura police arrested two Rohingya men from Rajnagar area near the India-Bangladesh international border. Also Read – 14-yr-old girl raped, strangled to death in UP’s Shamli According to the BSF and the police, over 250 Rohingya Muslims have been detained during the past one year in Tripura, southern Assam and Mizoram after they fled the Rohingya refugee camps in Chittagong in southeast Bangladesh. Following a wave of violence in Myanmar’s Rakhine province in 2017, over 7,38,000 Rohingya Muslims took refuge in Cox’s Bazar in southeastern Bangladesh. Refugees from these camps have, on and off, entered the north eastern states of India. Four north eastern states — Arunachal Pradesh (520 km), Manipur (398 km), Nagaland (215 km) and Mizoram (510 km) — share a 1,643-km long unfenced border with Myanmar.
WINNIPEG – Investigators have eliminated engine failure as the cause of a passenger plane crash in northern Saskatchewan.All 25 people on board the West Wind Aviation plane survived, albeit seven with serious injuries, when it went down near the Fond du Lac airstrip after taking off on Dec. 13.There was no explosion or fire on impact.The Transportation Safety Board says investigators examined both engines at the crash site and recovered the flight data recorder. The recorder has been sent to a lab in Ottawa for further analysis, but investigators say preliminary results confirm the engines were running until the plane hit the trees and the ground.“What we have learned so far is that the engines were operating up to the point of impact,” Eric Vermette, a regional manager for the TSB, said at a briefing in Winnipeg on Wednesday. “Our investigators are wrapping up the field phase of the operation and will be leaving once the aircraft is moved to a secure location.“The examination and analysis phase is just starting and there is much work to be done.”Vermette said they will also look at the fact all 25 passengers and crew survived.“Part of the accident investigation is to look at the survivability of this accident,” said Vermette. “It is quite remarkable there was no fire, so that’s good news.”They haven’t yet determined what caused the crash, but investigators are still looking at weather conditions, runway length, aircraft maintenance, pilot training and operational policies.They are also weighing the luggage that was on board the flight, but have yet to conclude whether the flight was over its weight limit.Vermette said there’s no timeline for investigators to rule on the cause of the crash.“We take the time required to ensure that we do a thorough investigation,” he said. “We will take the time required to make sure we’ve looked at all aspects and report on those ….“If we do come up with any safety deficiencies as part of our investigation, we won’t sit on it and wait for the report to come out.”West Wind Aviation has grounded its other twin-engine ATR42-320 planes for the time being.— By Colette Derworiz in Edmonton
FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – The Fort St. John RCMP pulled over a vehicle with a burnt out taillight and then found a sawed-off shotgun, crack cocaine, powder cocaine and methamphetamine.On June 1, 2019, at 2:45 a.m., Cpl. Charron noticed a vehicle near 100 street and 100 avenue with a burnt out brake light. The RCMP member pulled over the vehicle and spoke with the three occupants and observed what he believed to be cocaine on the front passenger floor of the car.All three occupants were arrested for possession of a scheduled substance, and more RCMP members were called to assist with the arrest. When officers searched the vehicle, they found a loaded sawed-off shotgun with ammunition in the area where the rear a female passenger had been sitting. Officers also located what they believed to be crack cocaine, powder cocaine and methamphetamine. The risk to frontline officers personal safety is always a reality said Cst Chad Neustaeter. Traffic stops can often turn into something more serious and the actions of our officers to get drugs and guns off our streets needs to be applauded.All three occupants were released without process, to attend court at a later date
ALGIERS – One survivor was found on Tuesday from the crash of an Algerian military aircraft which had more than 100 people on board, an emergency services official told state radio.“We have found a survivor and the search continues,” Colonel Farid Nechad said, without giving further details.The C-130 Hercules aircraft, which crashed in the mountainous Oum El Bouaghi region in northeastern Algeria, was carrying 99 passengers — soldiers and their families — as well as four crew members, a security source told AFP. The source had said earlier that all on board had perished.The plane was travelling from the desert garrison town of Tamanrasset in the deep south to the city of Constantine, east of the capital, and lost contact with the control tower just as it was beginning its descent.Preliminary reports indicated that poor weather was to blame, with heavy snow and strong winds sweeping the region in recent days, according to national media.
The United States has noted that China took over the Hambantota port after the Sri Lankan Government could not pay its debt.Roland de Marcellus. Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for International Finance and Development, said that as the Sri Lankan Government could not pay its debt over the Hambantota Port, China converted the port to their own ownership for a 99 year lease, as well as 15,000 acres of land, the Press Trust of India reported. He made the comment to the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Multilateral and International Development, Multilateral Institutions, and International Economic Energy and Environmental Policy. US officials have said that China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) often leaves countries with excessive debt and poor quality projects. They cited example of countries like Sri Lanka and the Maldives. (Colombo Gazette)
You may not remember the vault. You probably remember her face.In 2012, McKayla Maroney performed at the Olympic Games what was deemed by women’s gymnastics judges and commentators as perhaps the best-executed vault in the history of the sport. Her jaw-dropping Amanar, which includes two-and-a-half twists, came in the team portion of the competition: But in the Olympics’ event finals, when gymnasts can win individual medals on apparatuses, the then-16-year-old American landed on her behind on an easier vault. That landed her the silver medal.Maroney wasn’t impressed, but she wasn’t deterred either. She returned next season with the same tough skill and won her second world vault title.Maroney is the highest flier in a recent line of fantastic American vaulters. But before 2005, only one American woman had ever won a medal in vault at the Artistic Gymnastics World Championships: Brandy Johnson tied for silver in 1989. A decade-and-a-half later came Alicia Sacramone, who won four of the eight medals the U.S. has claimed in the event since 2005 — gold (2010), silver (2006) and bronze (2005 and 2007). And since 2009, the American women have won four world vaulting titles.There’s a good chance the medal streak will continue in 2014. Maroney is sitting out the world championships this week in Nanning, China, following knee surgery, but Simone Biles (the current U.S. and world all-around champion) and Mykayla Skinner have qualified to compete in Saturday’s vault final. Of note, Biles posted the highest qualifying score for the vault, balance beam, floor exercise and all-around.Long gone are the days of the perfect 10. In vaulting finals, gymnasts perform two vaults from two groups, and each earns two marks — one for difficulty and one for execution. The difficulty score is predetermined and higher if there are more saltos and twists. For example, the Amanar that Maroney and Biles (below) generally perform has a 6.3 difficulty value, downgraded in 2013 from a 6.5; Skinner’s Cheng is worth 6.4.The execution mark is out of 10 and considers the gymnast’s form on the vaulting table and in the air; her height and distance from the table; and how she lands (i.e. whether she “sticks” the landing). Those values sum to produce a total score for each vault. The average of the two total scores determines the gymnast’s final score.So, Americans are good at vaulting, but just how good are they at eking out the best scores for particular vaults? I used results provided by USA Gymnastics to plot the 76 vaults completed in the most prestigious vaulting event each year since 2009 (for every season except 2012, an Olympic year, that event is the world championships). As the chart below shows, U.S. gymnasts have generally received some of the best execution scores for vaults at the highest levels of difficulty. (A technical note: I plotted only the raw difficulty and execution marks prior to penalties. I omitted four vaults that received a total score of 0.00; a gymnast earns a 0.00 if, for instance, she fails to land on her feet first, or touches the springboard or table without completing the vault.)The two outliers in the bottom right corner belong to Yamilet Peña Abreu of the Dominican Republic, who lacked in execution while performing the demanding Produnova at the London Games and the 2013 world championship. (At the 2011 world championships, she landed on her back and earned a 0.00.) Last year, the vault — a front handspring onto the table followed by two front somersaults — was downgraded by 0.1, to a difficulty score of 7.0. Peña Abreu was the first gymnast to complete it in competition since its namesake, Elena Produnova, in 1999. Two others have landed it in competition in 2014.
Le boson de Higgs ‘démasqué’ d’ici 2012 ?Au cours d’une conférence de presse donnée à Londres hier, des physiciens du Cern ont confié leur bon espoir d’établir, d’ici fin 2012, l’existence ou l’inexistence du boson de Higgs, cette mystérieuse et hypothétique particule sur laquelle repose presque tout l’édifice théorique de la physique moderne. “J’ai bon espoir que, d’ici la fin 2012, nous aurons une réponse à la question de Shakespeare pour le boson de Higgs : être ou ne pas être ?”, affirme Rolf-Dieter Heuer, directeur du Centre européen de la recherche nucléaire (Cern). “D’ici la fin 2012, soit nous aurons découvert le boson de Higgs, s’il existe, soit nous exclurons son existence”, renchérit plus prosaïquement Fabiola Gianotti, également du Cern.À lire aussiLe CERN découvre deux nouvelles particules élémentairesLe boson de Higgs, c’est cette fameuse particule élémentaire de la matière dont l’existence est supposée d’après des calculs théoriques, notamment grâce aux travaux du physicien britannique Peter Higgs, en 1964, mais que personne n’a encore pu mettre en évidence expérimentalement. L’enjeu est d’importance, puisque c’est sur elle que s’appuie tout un pan de la physique quantique (en expliquant notamment pourquoi certaines particules ont une masse et d’autres non) appelée modèle standard.Pour traquer le mythique boson, l’outil principal des chercheurs est bien sûr le Grand collisionneur de hadrons (Large Hadron Collider, ou LHC), le gigantesque accélérateur de particules qui, à 100 mètres de profondeur sous la frontière franco-suisse, fait tourner et entrer en collision des protons, presque à la vitesse de la lumière, dans un anneau de 27 kilomètres de diamètre ! Le 18 mai 2011 à 18:18 • Emmanuel Perrin
Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp#Bahamas, January 22, 2018 – Nassau – The Bahamas underwent its Third Cycle of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) at the 29th Session today, Wednesday January 17, 2018, at the Human Rights Council(HRC) in Geneva, Switzerland. The delegation was led by Senator, the Honorable Carl Wilshire Bethel, Attorney-General and Minister of Legal Affairs of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas.According to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), “The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique process which involves a review of the human rights records of all UN Member States. The UPR is a State-driven process, under the auspices of the Human Rights Council, which provides the opportunity for each State to declare what actions they have taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries and to fulfil their human rights obligations.As one of the main features of the Council, the UPR is designed to ensure equal treatment for every country when their human rights situations are assessed. The ultimate aim of this mechanism is to improve the human rights situation in all countries and address human rights violations wherever they occur. Currently, no other universal mechanism of this kind exists.”Release: BISPhoto caption: Ms. DeAndra Cartwright, Foreign Service Officer within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs; Mr. Frank Davis, Minister Counsellor/Deputy Permanent Representative & Charge d’affaires; Ms. Bernadette Butler, Minister Counsellor; Senator, The Honourable Carl Wilshire Bethel, Attorney-General; Ms. Jewel Major, Chief Counsel within the Office of the Attorney-General and Ministry of Legal Affairs; and Ms. Alicia Gibson, Assistant Counsel in the Office of the Attorney-General and Ministry of Legal Affairs. Related Items:
SOUTHWEST MIAMI-DADE, FLA. (WSVN) – Police have arrested a homeless man accused of sexually battering two women near a bus stop in Southwest Miami-Dade.According to police, 40-year-old Lyndon Merlick Nicaisse is accused of targeting two different women in two separate cases.In both cases, the women were sleeping close to a bus station near U.S. 1 and Southwest 160th Street.Nicaisse is currently being held on a $12,500 bond.Officials believe there may be more victims.If you have any information that can help detectives in this case, call Miami-Dade Crime Stoppers at 305-471-TIPS.Copyright 2019 Sunbeam Television Corp. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
The declaration would authorize a full suite of federal assistance for the State of Alaska as a result of the major earthquake that occurred on November 30, 2018. Governor Dunleavy: “The November 30th earthquake caused significant damage – shuttered schools, destroyed homes, displaced hundreds of Alaskans – and we have determined that effective recovery efforts are beyond the capabilities of the State and affected local governments. In an effort to ensure Alaskans have every opportunity to recover, we have formally requested a Presidential Major Disaster Declaration under the federal Stafford Act, which opens the door to an assortment of federal assistance programs to get Alaska back up on its feet faster.” Facebook0TwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享Governor Mike Dunleavy in a press conference yesterday made the announcement that he is requesting a Presidential Major Disaster Declaration. During the conference Governor Dunleavy said it’s unclear whether the federal government’s partial shutdown will affect how soon the state gets a response to the request. Initial damage assessments and costs for needs such as temporary housing were around $100 million, according to figures provided by the state. The Presidential Major Disaster Declaration request can be found here.
WILMINGTON, MA — Eddie A. Sanchez, age 70, of Wilmington, MA, formerly of Guam, passed away unexpectedly at home on February 9, 2019.Eddie proudly worked as a Civil Engineer for the United States Air Force for over 30 years.Eddie was the beloved husband of Bertha (Dungca) Sanchez of Wilmington, devoted father of Junior Salas & wife Patricia of Colorado, Peter Sanchez & wife Sharon of Hawaii, Franklin Salas & wife Cassandra of Texas, Shirley DeLucia & husband Chris of Wilmington, Ricky Sanchez of Guam and John Mark Sanchez & wife Marquesa of Wilmington. Cherished son of Maria (Agoun) Sanchez and the late Joaquin Sanchez of Guam, Loving “Papa” of Jonathan and Tricia Salas, Aisha Salas, Adam and Keri Palanca, Paulina, Elijah and Richard Sanchez, Natasha and Ashley Igros, Edward, Amanda, Michael and Christopher DeLucia, Kekoa Narcis and great-grandchildren Aison, Christopher and Leinani. Dear brother of Chong Engle, Frank Sanchez, Evelyn SanNicolas, Albert Sanchez, Kathy San chez and Jeffrey Sanchez. Eddie is also survived by many nieces and nephews. Eddie was also very special to his “adopted” DeLucia grandchildren that fondly knew him as “Papa”.Family and friends will gather at the Nichols Funeral Home, 187 Middlesex Ave. (Rte. 62), Wilmington, MA on Saturday, February 16th for Visitation from 10:30 a.m. – 12:30 p.m. immediately followed by a Funeral Service at 12:30 p.m. Interment will follow in Wildwood Cemetery, Wilmington, MA.Eddie A. Sanchez(NOTE: The above obituary is from Nichols Funeral Home.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email firstname.lastname@example.org.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedOBITUARY: John “Jack” Tannian, Jr., 89In “Obituaries”OBITUARY: Stephen J. Bowker, 58In “Obituaries”OBITUARY: William J. “Bill” Wolfe, 75In “Obituaries”
Share Adriana Zehbrauskas/for NPRMaria de los Angeles Tun Burgos with daughters Angela, 12, and Gelmy, 9, in their family home in a Mayan village in Yucatan, Mexico.There’s no other way to put it: Maria de los Angeles Tun Burgos is a supermom.She’s raising five children, does housework and chores — we’re talking about fresh tortillas every day made from stone-ground corn — and she helps with the family’s business in their small village about 2 1/2 hours west of Cancun on the Yucatan.Sitting on a rainbow-colored hammock inside her home, Burgos, 41, is cool as a cucumber. It’s morning, after breakfast. Her youngest daughter, 4-year-old Alexa, sits on her knee, clearly trying to get her attention by hitting a teddy bear on her mom’s leg. The middle daughter, 9-year-old Gelmy, is running around with neighborhood kids — climbing trees, chasing chickens — and her oldest daughter, 12-year-old Angela, has just woken up and started doing the dishes, without being asked. The older kids aren’t in school because it’s spring break.Burgos is constantly on parental duty. She often tosses off little warnings about safety: “Watch out for the fire” or “Don’t play around the construction area.” But her tone is calm. Her body is relaxed. There’s no sense of urgency or anxiety.In return, the children offer minimal resistance to their mother’s advice. There’s little whining, little crying and basically no yelling or bickering.In general, Burgos makes the whole parenting thing look — dare, I say it — easy. So I ask her: “Do you think that being a mom is stressful?”Burgos looks at me as if I’m from Mars. “Stressful? What do you mean by stressful?” she responds through a Mayan translator.A five-minute conversation ensues between Burgos and the translator, trying to convey the idea of “stressful.” There doesn’t seem to be a straight-up Mayan term, at least not pertaining to motherhood.But finally, after much debate, the translator seems to have found a way to explain what I mean, and Burgos answers.“There are times that I worry about my children, like when my son was 12 and only wanted to be with his friends and not study,” Burgos says. “I was worried about his future.” But once she guided him back on track, the worry went away.In general, she shows no sense of chronic worry or stress.“I know that raising kids is slow,” she says. “Little by little they will learn.”Breast, formula or goat?Burgos learned how to be a mom by watching — and helping — her own mom, her aunts and her neighbors raise many children. Throughout her childhood, she was training to be a mom.Here in the U.S., many parents don’t have this firsthand experience before having children themselves. Instead, we often learn about burping, potty training and tantrum control through parenting books, Google searches and YouTube videos. But this information comes with two big caveats, which aren’t always divulged.For starters, parenting advice can give the impression that the recommendations are based on science. But a deep look at some studies reveals that the science is more like smoke and mirrors. Sometimes the studies don’t even test what the parenting expert is purporting they do.Take for instance a study often cited as evidence that the “cry-it-out” method of sleep training is effective. The method claims that if babies are left to cry themselves to sleep, eventually they will learn to fall asleep on their own without crying, and sleep through the night.But what the study actually tests is a gentler regime, in which babies were left to cry for only a short amount of time before being comforted. And the parents were supported by a hefty amount of personalized counseling on their babies’ sleep and eating habits. The babies who made progress also did not retain the ability to put themselves to sleep and stay asleep over the long term.As psychologist Ben Bradley argues in his book Vision of Infancy, a Critical Introduction to Psychology: “Scientific observations about babies are more like mirrors which reflect back the preoccupations and visions of those who study them than like windows opening directly on the foundations of the mind.”And sometimes the data supporting the recommendation are so flimsy that another study in a few years will come along and not only overturn the first study but completely flip the advice 180 degrees.This is exactly what happened last year with peanuts. Back in 2000, the American Academy of Pediatrics advised parents not to give babies peanut butter because one study suggested early exposure would increase the risk of developing an allergy. But last year, the medical community made a complete about-face on the advice and now says “Let them eat peanuts!” Early peanut exposure actually prevents allergies, follow up studies have found.So if science isn’t the secret sauce to parenting books, what is? To answer that, we have to go back in time.In the early 1980s, the British writer Christina Hardyment began reviewing more than 650 parenting books and manuals, dating all the way back to the mid-1700s when advice publications started appearing in hospitals. The result is an illuminating book, called Dream Babies, which traces the history of parenting advice from 17th-century English physician and philosopher John Locke to the modern-day medical couple Bill and Martha Sears.The conclusions from the book are as clear as your baby’s tears: Advice in parenting books is typically based not on rigorous scientific studies as is at times claimed but on the opinions and experiences of the authors and on theories from past parenting manuals — sometimes as long as the 18th century.Then there’s the matter of consistency — or lack thereof. Since the late 1700s, “experts” have flip-flopped recommendations over and over, from advising strict routines and discipline to a more permissive, laissez-faire approach and back again.“While babies and parents remain constants, advice on the former to the latter veers with the winds of social, philosophical and psychological change,” Hardyment writes. “There is no such thing as a generally applicable blueprint for perfect parenting.”Take, for instance, the idea that babies need to feed on a particular schedule. According to Hardyment’s research, that advice first appears in a London hospital pamphlet in 1748. Sleep schedules for babies start coming into fashion in the early 1900s. And sleep training? That idea was proposed by a British surgeon-turned-sports writer in 1873. If babies “are left to go to sleep in their cots, and allowed to find out that they do not get their way by crying, they at once become reconciled, and after a short time will go to bed even more readily in the cot than on the lap,” John Henry Walsh wrote in his Manual of Domestic Economy.Even the heated debate about breastfeeding has been simmering, and flaring up, for at least 250 years, Hardyment shows. In the 18th century, mothers didn’t have high-tech formula but had many recommendations about what was best for the baby and the family. Should a mother send the baby off to a wet nurse’s home, so her husband won’t be offended by the sight of a baby suckling? And if the family couldn’t afford a wet nurse, there was specially treated cow’s milk available or even better, the baby could be nursed by a goat, 18th-century parenting books advised. (If you’re wondering how moms accomplished such a feat, Hardyment includes an 18th-century drawing of a young mom pushing a swaddled newborn underneath a goat’s udder.)Goat udders aside, perhaps the bigger issue with parenting books and advice on the Web is what they aren’t telling you. And boy, is there a large hole.These sources ignore most of the world and come almost entirely from the experience of Western culture. But when it comes to understanding what a baby needs, how kids work and what to do when your toddler is lying on the sidewalk (just asking for a friend), Western society might not be the best place to focus.“WEIRD,” stressed-out parents equal anxious kids?In 2010, three scientists at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, rocked the psychology world.They published a 23-page paper titled “The weirdest people in the world?” And in it, uncovered a major limitation with many psychological studies, especially those claiming to address questions of “human nature.”First, the team noted that the vast majority of studies in psychology, cognitive science and economics — about 96 percent — have been performed on people with European backgrounds. And yet, when scientists perform some of these experiments in other cultures the results often don’t match up. Westerners stick out as outliers on the spectrum of behavior, while people from indigenous cultures tend to clump together, more in the middle.Even in experiments that appear to test basic brain function, like visual perception, Westerners can act strangely. Take one of the most famous optical illusions — the Muller-Lyer illusion, from 1889.Americans often believe the second line is about 20 percent longer than the first, even though the two lines are exactly the same length. But when scientists gave the test to 14 indigenous cultures, none of them were tricked to the same degree as Westerners. Some cultures, such as the San foragers in southern Africa’s Kalahari desert, knew the two lines were equal length.The conclusion from these analyses was startling: People from Western society, “including young children, are among the least representative populations one could find for generalizing about humans,” Joseph Heinrich and his colleagues wrote. The researchers even came up with a catchy acronym to describe the phenomenon. They called our culture WEIRD, for Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich and Democratic societies.With that paper, the ethnocentric view of psychology cracked. It wasn’t so much that the emperor of psychology had no clothes. It was more that he was dancing around in Western garb pretending to represent all humanity.A few years later, an anthropologist from Utah State University, David Lancy, performed a similar analysis on parenting. The conclusion was just as clear-cut: When you look around the world and throughout human history, the Western style of parenting is WEIRD. We are outliers.In many instances, what we think is “necessary” or “critical” for childhood is actually not present in any other cultures around the world or throughout time.“The list of differences is really, really long,” says David Lancy, who summarizes them in the second edition of his landmark book The Anthropology of Childhood: Cherubs, Chattel, Changelings. “There may be 40 to 50 things that we do that you don’t see in indigenous cultures.”Perhaps most striking is how Western society segregates children from adults. We have created two worlds: the kid world and the adult world. And we go through great pains to keep them apart. Kids have their own special foods, their own times to go to sleep, their own activities on the weekends. Kids go to school. Parents go to work. “Much of the adult culture … is restricted [for kids],” Lancy writes. “Children are perceived as too young, uneducated, or burdensome to be readily admitted to the adult sphere.”But in many indigenous cultures, children are immersed in the adult world early on, and they acquire great skills from the experience. They learn to socialize, to do household chores, cook food and master a family’s business, Lancy writes.Western culture is also a relative newcomer to parenting. Hunter-gatherers and other indigenous cultures have had tens of thousands of years to hone their strategies, not to mention that the parent-child relationship actually evolved in these contexts.Of course, just because a practice is ancient, “natural” or universal doesn’t mean it’s necessarily better, especially given that Western kids eventually have to live — and hopefully succeed — in a WEIRD society. But widening the parenting lens, even just a smidgen, has a practical purpose: It gives parents options.“When you look at the whole world and see the diversity out there, parents can start to imagine other ways of doing things,” says Suzanne Gaskins, a developmental psychologist at Northeastern Illinois University, who for 40 years has been studying how Mayan moms in the Yucatan raise helpful kids.“Some of the approaches families use in other cultures might fit an American child’s needs better than the advice they are given in books or from the pediatricians,” she adds.Who’s in charge?So what kind of different philosophies are out there?When I spent time with Mayan families that Gaskins has studied, I saw a very different approach to control.In Western culture, parenting is often about control.“We think of obedience from a control angle. Somebody is in charge and the other one is doing what they are told because they have to,” says Barbara Rogoff, a psychologist at the University of California, Santa Cruz, who has studied the Mayan culture for 30 years.Gelmy, one of the five kids in Maria de los Angeles Tun Burgosa’s family, rakes the backyard of their home in Yucatan, Mexico.And if you pay attention to the way parents interact with children in our society, the idea is blazingly obvious. We tend to boss them around. “Put your shoes on!” or “Eat your sandwich!”“People think either the adult is in control or the child is in control,” Rogoff says.But what if there is another way to interact with kids that removes control from the equation, almost altogether?That’s exactly what the Mayans — and several other indigenous cultures — do. Instead of trying to control children, Rogoff says, parents aim to collaborate with them.“It’s kids and adults together accomplishing a common goal,” Rogoff says. “It’s not letting the kids do whatever they want. It’s a matter of children — and parents — being willing to be guided.”In the Mayan culture, even the littlest of children are treated with this respect. “It’s collaborative from the get-go.”The idea is so strong that some Mayan languages don’t even have a word for “control” when talking about children, Rogoff says.After visiting the Mayan village this spring, I’ve been trying this approach with my 2 1/2-year-old daughter. For instance, I often struggle to get Rosemary to put her clothes on the morning. In the past, I would nag and yell: “Put your shoes on! Get your jacket!”But now I try a more collaborative approach. “Rosemary, mom, dad and Mango [our dog] are all going to the beach,” I explain. “If you want to go to the beach, you have to put your shoes on. Do you want to go to the beach?” So far it’s working.And if Rosemary says she doesn’t want to go to the beach? What would a Mayan mom do? She would drop her off at an aunt’s or neighbor’s house and spend an afternoon without her. Because Mayan families also have a different idea about who is supposed to care for the kids. One way to think of it: They don’t keep mom in a box.Get mom out of the boxIn our culture there’s a lingering belief that the ideal family structure for kids is a stay-at-home mom who devotes her full attention to the kids. That may sound like a relic from the past. But even just 10 years ago, 41 percent of people thought moms working outside was harmful to society, PEW research found. The result is a mom stuck in an apartment or a single-family home — which are both essentially boxes — raising children, alone.But if you look around the world and throughout human history, this parenting approach is arguably one of the most nontraditional out there. The notion that the mom is responsible for raising the children, alone, is unique to Western culture. (This family structure is even strange within Western culture. Up until about 150 years ago, households were much larger and included extended family members and sometimes paid help, historian Stephanie Coontz documents in The Way We Never Were. And woman were expected to earn some income for the family. “Women not only brought home half the bacon, they often raised and butchered the pig,” Coontz says)Anthropologist David Lancy compares the “mom in the box” approach to parenting to what happens with an Inuit family in the Arctic, when inclement weather isolates a mom and her child in an igloo and forces the mom to be the only playmate for the children. Most of the burden of parenting is placed on the mom. “There is every reason to believe that modern living conditions in which infants and toddlers are isolated from peers in single-parent or nuclear households produce a parallel effect,” Lancy writes: a mom left to a perform a role typically performed by children — that is, siblings, cousins, neighborhood kids and whoever else is hanging around a home.Human children didn’t evolve in a nuclear family. Instead, for hundreds of thousands of years, kids have been brought up with a slew of people — grandparents, aunts, uncles, siblings, the neighbors, Lancy writes. It’s not that you need a whole village, as the saying goes, but rather an extended family — which could include biological relatives but also neighbors, close friends or paid help.Throughout human history, motherhood has been seen as a set of tasks that can be accomplished by many types of people, like relatives and neighbors, the historian John R. Gillis writes in The World Of Their Own Making. Anthropologists call them “alloparents” — “allo” simply means “other.”Across the globe, cultures consider alloparents key to raising children, Lancy writes.The Mayan moms value and embrace alloparents. Their homes are porous structures and all sorts of “allomoms” flow in and out. When a woman has a baby, other moms work together to make sure she can take a break each day to take a shower and eat meals, without having to hold the baby. (How civilized is that!)In one household with four kids that I visited, the aunt dropped off food, the grandma stopped by to help with a neighbor’s baby and, all the while, the oldest daughter looked after the toddler — while the mom fed the livestock and started to make lunch. But in Western culture, over the past few centuries, we have pushed alloparents to the periphery of the parenting landscape, Gillis writes. They aren’t as valued and sometimes even denigrated as a means for working moms to outsource parenting duties.In the past few generations, fathers have stepped up and started helping with a big chunk of parenting duties. Since 1965, American dads have more than doubled the number of hours they spend each week on child care, PEW research found. But moms still carry most of the load. They spend, on average, 14 hours each week on child care while fathers spend about 7.The result is something unique in human history: A mom stuck in a box, often alone, doing the job typically performed by a handful of people. As Gillis writes, “Never have mothers been so burdened by motherhood.”Your Turn: Share Your Parenting StoryParents make mistakes. It comes with the job. What do you wish you had known about raising kids before becoming a parent? Read this post for inspiration, then share your story on Instagram or Twitter using the hashtag #HowToRaiseAHuman. We are collecting stories until June 30. We may feature your post on NPR.NPR Researcher Katie Daugert contributed to this report.Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.
Illustration of a situation in which work cannot be extracted from a classical ideal gas, but can be extracted from a quantum one. Credit: Gelbwaser-Klimovsky et al. ©2018 American Physical Society More information: David Gelbwaser-Klimovsky, Alexei Bylinskii, Dorian Gangloff, Rajibul Islam, Alán Aspuru-Guzik, and Vladan Vuletic. “Single-Atom Heat Machines Enabled by Energy Quantization.” Physical Review Letters. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.170601Also at arXiv:1705.11180 [quant-ph] Journal information: Physical Review Letters Citation: Energy quantization enhances the performance of single-atom heat machines (2018, May 11) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-05-energy-quantization-single-atom-machines.html Miniaturised ‘heat engines’ could power nanoscale machines of the future This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further The physicists, David Gelbwaser-Klimovsky at Harvard University and coauthors, have published a paper on using energy quantization to improve the performance of heat machines in a recent issue of Physical Review Letters.In their work, the researchers compared the performance of classical and quantum heat machines, which convert heat into work. In the classical version, a compressible working substance (usually a gas) is required for operation. When the working substance is heated, it expands and drives the engine’s mechanical motion. In practice, it can be experimentally challenging to reach the large compression ratios needed for high performance. However, in the quantum version with quantized energy levels, the heat engine does not require a compressible working substance, but instead can function with incompressible working substances. So overall, when considering energy quantization in a heat engine, the classical paradigms break down and large compression ratios are no longer needed to obtain highly efficient heat engines. As the scientists demonstrated, the appropriate manipulation of energy levels leads to higher efficiencies and opens the doors to realizing heat machines that are classically inconceivable.The physicists also showed that, although energy quantization can improve heat engine efficiency, the efficiency is still subject to the Carnot limit—the fundamental limit on the efficiency of any heat engine. In addition, the performance improvement only occurs when the quantized energy levels are inhomogenously scaled, which is a regime that so far has received little attention. In the future, the researchers plan to further investigate this regime, as well as explore different kinds of working substances, such as those composed of interacting or indistinguishable particles. © 2018 Phys.org Physicists have demonstrated that energy quantization can improve the efficiency of a single-atom heat engine to exceed the performance of its classical counterpart. Energy quantization, in which the energy levels of a system occur only in discrete values, is a quintessential feature of quantum systems and differs from the continuous energy levels that occur in classical systems.
Firefox 60.0.2 is a security and bug fix release by Martin Brinkmann on June 06, 2018 in Firefox – 13 commentsMozilla plans to release Firefox 60.0.2 later today to the stable channel. The new version of the Firefox web browser is a security and bugfix release, and a recommended update for users of the stable version of the browser.Mozilla released Firefox 60.0 to the stable channel in the beginning of May and published Firefox 60.0.1 at the end of May fixing several bugs in the browser.The next stable version of the Firefox web browser will be released on June 26, 2018 if things go as planned according to the Firefox release schedule.Firefox 60.0.2Firefox 60.0.2 is not yet offered on the official Mozilla website or through the web browser’s automatic update functionality. It will become available later today if no last minute issues block the release.The release notes (not yet published) will list the following changes when they are published:Fixed various security issues. The security issues are not listed yet as Mozilla releases security related information after it releases updates. In other words: it is unclear how severe the issues are that Mozilla fixed in the release.Fixed missing nodes in the Developer Tools Inspector Panel. If you check the bug, you will notice that Ghacks was the example for the bug (not sure if only site affected but it would be strange if Mozilla would publish an update just for my tiny site but it appears to be a wider issue). Anyway, thanks Mozilla for fixing it!Fixed font rendering on Mac Os X 10.11 and earlier if third-party font managers are used.Updated NSS (Network Security Services) to 3.36.4 from 3.36.1.That’s all the fixes the release notes will list when they are published by Mozilla. The Inspector issue seems to be widespread and if you use it, you may want to upgrade to the new version as well. According to Mozilla, it did affect all Firefox channels and not just the stable one.Closing WordsConsidering that Firefox 60.0.2 fixes security related issues, you may want to consider upgrading to the new version as soon as the release is published by Mozilla. Whether you do so using the browser’s automatic update functionality or by downloading a copy of Firefox from Mozilla is up to you.Now You: do you run Firefox?SummaryArticle NameFirefox 60.0.2 is a security and bug fix releaseDescriptionMozilla plans to release Firefox 60.0.2 later today to the stable channel. The new version of the Firefox web browser is a security and bugfix release.Author Martin BrinkmannPublisher Ghacks Technology NewsLogo Advertisement
AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email by The Associated Press Posted Jun 5, 2019 9:32 am PDT NEW YORK — A Manhattan driver involved in a fender bender with comedian Tracy Morgan’s new Bugatti says she “got scared” when the entertainer reacted by pounding on her window and yelling.Jocelyn Madulid of Jersey City, New Jersey told the New York Post on Tuesday that she initially didn’t know who the other driver was.Madulid says an officer told her it was a “famous guy.” A tour guide on a double-decker bus remarked, “Oh, that’s Tracy Morgan!”The Bugatti is reportedly worth $2 million.Morgan’s outburst was caught on video.An email requesting comment was sent on Wednesday to Morgan’s representative.In 2014, the former “30 Rock” and “Saturday Night Live” star was seriously injured when a truck hit the limo van he was riding in. Comedian James McNair was killed.The Associated Press Driver: Tracy Morgan’s response to fender-bender scared me
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