Widespread amplification of amplified fragment lengthpolymorphisms (AFLPs) in marine Antarctic animals

first_imgAlthough recent years have witnessed a rapidgrowth in the number of genetic studies of Antarctic organisms,relatively few studies have so far used nuclear markers,possibly due to the perceived cost and diYculty ofisolating markers such as microsatellites. However, anoften overlooked alternative is to use ampliWed fragmentlength polymorphisms (AFLPs), a versatile and low-costmethod capable of generating large numbers of predominantlynuclear loci in virtually any organism. We conducteda literature review of population genetic studies of Antarcticorganisms, Wnding that fewer than 10% used AFLPs.Moreover, a strong taxonomic bias was found, with studiesemploying mitochondrial DNA or microsatellites focussingpredominantly on animals, while those using AFLPs weremostly of plants or lower organisms. Consequently, weexplored the extent to which AFLPs amplify across a rangeof Antarctic marine animal taxa by genotyping eight individualseach of twelve diVerent species, ranging from echinodermsthrough soft corals to pelagic Wsh, at four selectiveprimer combinations. AFLPs readily ampliWed across all ofthe taxa, generating between 32 and 84 loci per species,with on average 56.5% of these being polymorphic. In general, levels of polymorphism bore little relationship with expectations based on larger populations of broadcastspawning species being more variable, though we did find a tentative positive correlation between the number of AFLP bands ampliWed and a measure of eVective population size. Our study lends further support for the utility and ease of use of AFLPs and their suitability for studies of Antarctic species across a wide range of taxa.last_img read more

Russia: Navy to Commission Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile Liner Soon

first_img View post tag: Naval Russia: Navy to Commission Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile Liner Soon View post tag: soon October 25, 2011 In the nearest future Russian Navy will include new submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) Liner in the inventory, reported the missile’s developer – Makeyev State Rocket Center on Oct 21.“Flight test program implied two launches. Both of them were held successfully on May 20 and Sept 29. Presently, the interagency commission starts its phase, and then the missile system will be handed over to the Navy”, said the center’s chief designer Vladimir Degtyar whose words are cited on the company’s website.SLBM Liner has similar flight characteristics with Sineva missile but is equipped with more advanced antimissile barrier overcoming system and has longer range. Makeyev State Rocket Center and Russian defense ministry started Liner flight tests in 2011 in accordance with state defense order.As for Makeyev center, Liner missile outclasses all present solid-propellant ballistic missiles of Great Britain, China, Russia, the US, and France as of weight-to-thrust ratio, and is compared to American Trident-II (meeting START-3 requirements) as of combat load (four middle-power warheads).Liner missile is capable to carry 1.5-2 times as much low-power warheads as Bulava which can be armed with six low-power warheads. Besides, Liner may carry mixed set of warheads with different yield classes.[mappress]Source: rusnavy, October 25, 2011; View post tag: News by topic View post tag: Ballistic View post tag: Missile Industry newscenter_img Back to overview,Home naval-today Russia: Navy to Commission Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile Liner Soon View post tag: Liner View post tag: Navy View post tag: Submarine-launched View post tag: Commission View post tag: to Share this articlelast_img read more

Columbus symbolized inspiration, imagination, and intensity

first_imgDear Editor: The second Monday in October is set aside to honor Christopher Columbus. It is now well known that Columbus was not the first European to sail to the “New World.” The Vikings landed in North America some 500 years before Columbus. Possibly other peoples from distant lands settled in the “Americas” before Leif Ericson “discovered” Vineland. Educated people in Europe knew that the Earth was round. Some Europeans even owned globes – although they were inaccurate. During Columbus’s time, the Portuguese were preparing for a trans-Atlantic voyage.Without trivializing his voyage and subsequent “discovery,” the legacy and spirit of Columbus is much deeper than his actual accomplishment in 1492. Columbus’s story is one of “inspiration,” “imagination” and “intensity.” These three variables – the “Three I’s” of human achievement – accompanied American pioneers such as Admiral Byrd when he explored the polar regions; Doctor Jonas Salk when he founded a vaccine for polio; Susan B. Anthony and the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. when they struggled for equality and human rights, Neil Armstrong when he became the first human being to walk on the lunar surface, and they were with Barrack Obama when he became the first black American to be elected president of the United States.Those three simple yet powerful words help us to reach our own dreams, goals and aspirations. Taken collectively, those three words mean hope for a better future. The zeal of Columbus is with those dedicated professionals arduously seeking a cure for cancer and with other “pathfinders” in their own fields of expertise searching for those answers that will better mankind. Columbus’s vigor and spirit of exploration are truly with those who boldly go “where no one has gone before.” The lesson we learn from Columbus can be summed up in two words: “Sail On!” His fortitude in the midst of adversity, controversy and human drama is a guiding light to those eager visionaries who accomplish great things. His inner strength burns inside those individuals with the gumption to pursue truth and to challenge the popular (mis-) conceptions of the time. Columbus’s challenge is for us to “stand up” and make a difference in the world we all share together. So, what have you done today? John Di Geniolast_img read more

Allied hits back at Warburtons’ report

first_imgAllied Bakeries says its Kingsmill brand is actually growing faster than Warburtons, fiercely rebutting claims to the contrary in Warburtons recent Bakery Review 2007.Allied said figures quoted in the review that suggest that Allied’s Kingsmill brand had lost market share across the UK in the year to July 14 are misleading.In fact, Kingsmill has grown market share faster than Warburtons, while other brands lost share, if performance in the 30 weeks after the Kingsmill relaunch up to 15 September (the latest data available from AC Nielsen) is compared with the 30 weeks prior to relaunch, Allied said.Allied said Kingsmill’s share grew from 15.6% to 16.9% (+1.3%) in value terms and in volume terms was up from 15.3% to 16.7% (+1.4%) during this period. In the latest four-weekly period Kingsmill’s share was up to 17.3% in value and 16.9% in volume.Over the same period, Warburtons’ share increased by a similar amount in value but in volume only grew share by 1%, said Allied.Warburtons had also cherry picked data and month-on-month comparisons to negate the success of the Kingsmill relaunch, Allied claimed. For example, in the North East a single month had been isolated to suggest that Kingsmill had seen a 19% fall in sales, when Kingsmill had actually grown share in the North East faster than any other brand, it said.Kingsmill’s share grew by 1.9 % in value and 2% in volume terms in the north east. Warburtons grew at 1.2% and 0.8% respectively.last_img read more

Paramount pumpkins

first_imgBy Sharon DowdyUniversity of GeorgiaMatthew Adams made Georgia 4-H history last year when he won the organization’s statewide annual pumpkin contest with a record-setting 580.8-pound pumpkin. He didn’t break his record this year, but he still got first place.Adams, a 4-H’er from Carroll County, grew a 468-pound pumpkin to win the Georgia 4-H Pumpkin Growing Contest. Second place went to Hannah Brown of Henry County. She grew a 340-pound pumpkin. Terrell County 4-H’er Caroline Daniel won third place with her 323-pound pumpkin.Knowledge, pride and prizesFor the past two decades, the Georgia Fruit and Vegetable Growers Association has sponsored the contest. First place gets $100. Second and third receive $50 and $25 respectively. Each of the 38 4-H’ers who entered the contest received a contest t-shirt. To enter, a 4-H’er must grow the pumpkin and have it weighed by the local University of Georgia Cooperative Extension agent. Any variety of pumpkin may be used. But to bring in the big numbers, varieties like Atlantic Giant, Big Max, Big Moon, Prizewinner and Connecticut Field are recommended. All of this year’s winners grew the Atlantic Giant.“The 4-H’er needs at least 120 days to grow the pumpkin to full size,” said Lindsey Fodor, a Georgia 4-H program assistant and the contest’s coordinator. “We also recommend they refer to growing tips provided by UGA Extension horticulturist Terry Kelley.”The number of entries was down this year due to the state’s drought, she said.Watermelons, tooThe goal of the contest is to get Georgia students interested in agriculture and in growing their own crops, Fodor said.Due to the heat, it can be tough to grow pumpkins in south Georgia. To give 4-H’ers there a chance to grow competition-size fruit, the Georgia 4-H Watermelon Growing Contest was established three years ago.Information about the pumpkin and watermelon contests, including photos of the past winners, can be found on the Web at www.georgia4h.org/public/edops/nationalfair/pumpkincontest/.last_img read more

June 2018: Splash Into Summer

first_imgWe’re proud to announce that our June 2018 Issue is live! In this issue, we take you around some of the best urban adventure cities in the Southeast. You’ll get the latest on the Virginia Pipeline, hear from the horseback riders on trail etiquette, learn more about our rivers, and meet some interesting people!Keep an eye out for the mag hitting your local newsstands and check out the articles below.last_img

Solutions for customer marketing

first_imgMarketing to members isn’t a cut and dry process, especially in a world where consumers are more engaged and informed than ever before. Financial institutions, bound by strict regulations and the need to protect customer information, need customizable marketing and management tools to reach existing and potential customers. Marketing to members is more complex than orchestrating email blasts and catchy slogans, however, solutions do exist to simplify this process for credit unions.Customized marketing and management solutions help align sales and marketing efforts, leading to faster real-time information sharing, shared strategies and more effective campaigns. Because of these better aligned processes, CMM leads to stronger and longer relationships with members. Using CMM solutions, credit unions can gain valuable insight into member feedback, as well as analytics. This aids in the fine tuning of messages for future marketing campaigns. Aligning both sales and marketing also creates a consistent brand image across all member touch points.The goal of a customer and marketing management system is to provide organizations with a complete view of their customers at every stage in the marketing and sales cycle. These customer findings can then combine with business performance insights, using a business intelligence platform, to assist credit unions during their strategic planning process to more accurately identify trends, forecast growth and adapt their business plans accordingly. continue reading » 3SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more

New Google checking accounts threaten to shake up banking industry

first_imgThere are more analysts and pundits talking about the Google plan to offer “smart checking accounts” in partnership with financial institutions than there are facts about the deal.“The amount of attention this is getting is out of proportion to the details,” says industry blogger Ron Shevlin, Director of Research at Cornerstone Advisors.Yet after many warnings about the Big Tech threat to financial institutions and several concrete moves, notably the launch of Apple Card with Goldman Sachs, the banking industry is watching this development with intense interest. It could bring significant changes to the fabric of how the industry serves consumers.News of the tech giant’s partnership with Citibank and with Stanford Federal Credit Union came out in mid-November 2019 in a bare bones story in The Wall Street Journal. No official announcement came out of Google nor Citibank, though the credit union published a short written statement in the wake of the article. The two institutions are partnering with the search and tech giant to offer co-branded “smart” checking accounts through the Google Pay program starting in 2020. ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr continue reading »last_img read more

Research: Visitors feel that Istrian destinations invest enough in sustainability

first_imgOne of the main activities of the “MITOMED +” project includes the observation and monitoring of tourism data indicators to measure the sustainability of tourism activities and their economic, social and environmental impacts on coastal destinations. Namely, this is a research conducted within the project “MITOMED +“Which is co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund. The focus of the project is on improving public policy for sustainable development, developing action plans and common planning tools and transferring practices between the Mediterranean regions and the European Union. The main purposes of their visit are rest, free time and recreation, and the primary characteristics for which they chose the destination are the beaches, clean sea, nature and landscape, peace and quiet and accessibility. The project is divided into two phases. The first relates to the testing of a set of indicators through a tool for statistical indicators that assesses sustainable forms of tourism and the implementation of the model “Green beach“In partner regions through two pilot activities. The testing phase includes fifteen destinations located in four countries and five different regions – Istria, Andalusia, Catalonia, Cyprus and Tuscany. The second phase involves the inclusion of results in regional policies and their dissemination to other Mediterranean countries and the European Union. The Institute for Tourism of the Institute of Agriculture and Tourism conducted a survey in Poreč, Novigrad and Labin and Rabac in 2018, which showed numerous habits, but also the opinions of tourists about these destinations. The research presented interesting results, and Brščić and Šugar singled out several interesting and important conclusions. Namely, most of the respondents are German, Italian, Austrian, Croatian, Slovenian and Czech tourists who have visited the destination before or learned about it from friends or relatives. Most of them visited the destination several times, and on average they spent about nine nights there. The daily consumption of most respondents is between 51 and 200 euros, depending on the destination. The research was conducted by Kristina Brščić and Tina Šugar from the Institute of Agriculture and Tourism. “The research was conducted to test certain indicators of sustainable tourism in these destinations”, Brščić emphasized and added:”The presentation of the research was presented to the project partners in February 2019. The same survey was conducted in 2017 on a larger sample.” The survey was conducted on the beaches in Poreč, Novigrad and Rabac from July to September 2018 on a sample of 917 respondents. Respondents are satisfied with the destinations, especially the cleanliness of the destination and the quality of accommodation. Also, most feel that destinations are investing enough in sustainability-oriented initiatives.last_img read more

PREMIUM100,000 retail workers on brink of furlough as consumption free-falls

first_imgLinkedin Topics : Facebook Forgot Password ? shopping-mall APPBI Hippindo retail-sales retailer household-consumption COVID-19 wage-subsidy Google More than 100,000 workers in the retail industry face the risk of being furloughed as customers have been visiting rarely and spending little during the COVID-19 pandemic, associations have said.An internal survey by the Indonesian Shopping Center Tenants Association (Hippindo) revealed that retail sales from May to July were down about 80 percent from the pre-pandemic level. The association projected that lifestyle retailers would also post a 60 percent year-on-year (yoy) contraction in the third quarter.“Our current data [from 90 companies] show that around 100,000 employees may be furloughed,” Hippindo chairman Budihardjo Iduansjah told reporters during an online press conference on Monday.In addition to the furloughed employees, around 1.5 million workers could face other financial perils, such as pay cuts and shift reduction if the pandemic continues to suppr… Log in with your social account LOG INDon’t have an account? Register herelast_img read more